The most basic part of speech (A classification of words according to how they are used in a sentence and the types of ideas they convey) is noun. What is noun?
1. A noun is the name of a person, place, or thing.
2. Nouns are divided into five different kinds : --
A Proper Noun is the name of a particular person, place, or thing.
eg : John ( person ) ; Palm Beach County ( place ) ; The Chinese ( people );
Books ( thing )
A Common Noun is a name that can be given to any person or thing of the same kind.
eg : Man, boy, table, dog
A Collective Noun is singular in form though denoting more than one.
eg : Herd, army, flock.
A Material Noun is the name of a substance
eg : Milk, iron, wood.
An Abstract noun is the name of a quality.
eg : Love, truth, color.
Number of Nouns
1. Number shows whether one is meant, or more than one.
2. There are two Numbers : --
The Singular Number
The Plural Number
The Singular number denotes only one object.
The Plural number denotes more than one object.
The Plural is generally formed by adding s to the Singular :
pen pens chair chairs
book books garden gardens
When the noun ends in s, x, ch, or sh, the Plural is formed by adding es to the Singular : -
glass glasses watch watches
box boxes dish dishes
If the noun ends in y, and the y has consonant going before it, the Plural is formed by changing y into ies : -
duty duties army armies
fly flies lady ladies
But if the y has vowel going before it, the Plural is formed by simply adding s : --
day days key keys
boy boys monkey monkeys
Most nouns ending in f or fe form the Plural by changing f or fe into ves
calf calves life lives
knife knives wife wives
leaf leaves thief thieves
If the noun ends in o, and the o is preceded by a consonant, the Plural is generally ( not always ) formed by adding es to the Singular : --
cargo cargoes negro negroes
hero heroes potato potatoes
But if the o is preceded by a vowel, the Plural is formed by simply adding s to the singular : --
bamboo bamboos curio curios
cuckoo cuckoos studio studios
Some nouns from their Plurals irregularly :
man men tooth teeth
woman women mouse mice
foot feet ox oxen
goose geese child children
Some Nouns have the same from in the Plural as in the Singular : -
deer deer fish fish ( fishes )
sheep sheep dozen dozen ( dozens )
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